McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Solution One constructor and also has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis contractor, and has won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The team is the second oldest active, and second most successful Solution One group after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Champions and eight Builders' Champions. The group is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren automobiles for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their very first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the group. This started the team's most effective period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took 6 Manufacturers' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle throughout this period, the two winning every builders' title between 1984 and 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in Discover more here 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, turning over to long period of time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season considering that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till a minimum of 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had actually won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wanting to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce decided to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper vehicles.